On April 10, 2020, the U.S. Internal Revenue Service (IRS) released an advance copy of Revenue Procedure 2020-14, which concerns individuals who failed to meet the eligibility requirements of either the bona fide residence test or the physical presence test under U.S. Internal Revenue Code section 911(d)(1) and pertains to the following countries: Congo, Haiti, Iraq, Sudan and Venezuela.
On April 10, 2020, the U.S. Internal Revenue Service (IRS) released an advance copy of Revenue Procedure 2020-14,1 which concerns individuals who failed to meet the eligibility requirements of either the bona fide residence test or the physical presence test under U.S. Internal Revenue Code section 911(d)(1) and thus may not exclude foreign earned income and housing cost amounts from gross income because war, civil unrest, or similar adverse conditions in a foreign country precluded the individuals from satisfying these requirements.
This Revenue Procedure does not address the issue of individuals who have departed from foreign countries by reason of the COVID-19 pandemic. However, it states that the IRS is monitoring developments in this area, and additional guidance may be issued for 2020.
Individuals who would otherwise qualify for the foreign earned income and foreign housing cost exclusions, may lose the benefit of those exclusions if they leave a country prior to fulfilling the time requirements, which could affect the amount of tax they owe.
A special exception to the time requirements to qualify for those exclusions is allowed for persons who are forced to leave a country designated by the IRS due to war, civil unrest, or other adverse conditions.
The Revenue Procedure provides that the Treasury Department, in consultation with the Department of State, has determined that for tax year 2019, war, civil unrest, or similar adverse conditions precluded the normal conduct of business in five countries.2 An individual who left one of those countries on or after a specified date will be treated as a “qualified individual” for purposes of section 911 with respect to the period during which that person was present in, or was a bona fide resident of, the country, provided that the individual establishes a reasonable expectation of meeting the requirements of section 911(d)(1) but for the adverse conditions. An individual who was first present, or established residency, in the country after the specified date, is not eligible to qualify for the exception.
The countries and effective dates listed in Rev. Proc. 2020-14 are:
1 Rev. Proc. 2020-14 appears in the Internal Revenue Bulletin 2020-16 for Monday, April 13, 2020, on page 661. See https://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-irbs/irb20-16.pdf.
2 For prior coverage of other countries covered under IRS guidance related to section 911(d)(1), see GMS Flash Alert 2019-064 (April 1, 2019).
The above information is not intended to be "written advice concerning one or more Federal tax matters" subject to the requirements of section 10.37(a)(2) of Treasury Department Circular 230 as the content of this document is issued for general informational purposes only.
The information contained in this newsletter was submitted by the KPMG International member firm in United States.
To subscribe to GMS Flash Alert, fill out the subscription form.
© 2021 KPMG LLP, a Delaware limited liability partnership and a member firm of the KPMG global organization of independent member firms affiliated with KPMG International Limited, a private English company limited by guarantee. All rights reserved.
For more detail about the structure of the KPMG global organization please visit https://home.kpmg/governance.
Flash Alert is an Global Mobility Services publication of KPMG LLPs Washington National Tax practice. The KPMG logo and name are trademarks of KPMG International. KPMG International is a Swiss cooperative that serves as a coordinating entity for a network of independent member firms. KPMG International provides no audit or other client services. Such services are provided solely by member firms in their respective geographic areas. KPMG International and its member firms are legally distinct and separate entities. They are not and nothing contained herein shall be construed to place these entities in the relationship of parents, subsidiaries, agents, partners, or joint venturers. No member firm has any authority (actual, apparent, implied or otherwise) to obligate or bind KPMG International or any member firm in any manner whatsoever. The information contained in herein is of a general nature and is not intended to address the circumstances of any particular individual or entity. Although we endeavor to provide accurate and timely information, there can be no guarantee that such information is accurate as of the date it is received or that it will continue to be accurate in the future. No one should act on such information without appropriate professional advice after a thorough examination of the particular situation.