This report focuses on the EU’s amending regulation addressing coordination rules for posted and multi-state workers and unemployment benefits.
On 21 June 2018, the European Council1 agreed on a general approach to coordinating social security systems through a revision of European Union (EU) Regulations 883/2004 and 987/2009. While the draft amending regulation addresses coordination rules for posted and multi-state workers and benefits for unemployment, families, economically inactive persons, and long-term care, this article focuses on the rules for posted and multi-state workers and unemployment benefits.
Apart from modernizing existing rules and promoting mobility, the proposed revision of the EU Regulations also concerns combatting fraud and error. The proposed amendments are expected to be adopted and together with the electronic exchange of information (EESSI),2 will require more compliance and higher quality social security information from employers in Europe. Therefore, it is important for employers and employees to keep apprised of developments both on the EU and national levels to prepare for the upcoming changes.
On a general note, fraud will be defined in the regulation. The provisions about the retroactive withdrawal or rectifications of a document as well as the communication between the institutions in case of fraud and error will be included in Regulation 987/2009. It is expected that these provisions will include deadlines in order to effectively enforce the social security legislation in the competent country.
Article 19 of EU Regulation 987/2009 will include the right of social security institutions, labor inspections, and tax and immigration authorities to exchange information nationally and on the EU level in order to determine the correct applicable law.
The proposed changes in the unemployment chapter of the regulation include:
The Council will initiate negotiations with the EU Parliament5 about the revision of the legislation coordinating social security as soon as the Parliament has taken its position on the matter. With the elections for the EU Parliament occurring next year, it is expected that it will take a position on this initiative before then.
1 The EU Council defines the EU's overall political directions and priorities. Its members are the heads of state or government of the 28 EU member states, and its president is Donald Tusk.
2 See Electronic Exchange of Social Security Information (EESSI) on European Commission website. Please note that the U.K. continues as a part of the project and will implement EESSI as planned prior to Brexit.
3 Refer to article 11 (5) in the EU Regulation 883/2004.
4 EU Regulation 83/2014, amending Regulation 956/2012 laying down technical requirements and administrative procedures related to air operations pursuant to Regulation 216/2008 of the EU Parliament and of the Council, Annex II, Section 2.
5 The EU Parliament consists of 751 members elected in each EU member state. The EU Parliament and the EU Council constitute the highest legislative bodies in the EU.
The information contained in this newsletter was submitted by the KPMG International member firm in Denmark.
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