Share with your friends

Australia – Temporary Skill Shortage Visa Program in Effect

Australia – Temp Skill Shortage Visa Program in Effect

This report covers the changes ushered into Australia’s immigration system with the new Temporary Skill Shortage Visa Program.



Belinda Wright

Partner, National Leader, Immigration Services

KPMG Australia


Related content


The Australian government has introduced the new Temporary Skill Shortage (“TSS”) visa program with effect from 18 March 2018.1 Complementary changes to employer-sponsored permanent skilled migration will take effect alongside the new TSS visa framework.2

A new visa scheme, the Global Talent Scheme, to attract highly skilled global talent and deliver innovation to Australia will also be piloted from 1 July of this year.3  (A GMS Flash Alert will be issued shortly on this matter.)

In today’s GMS Flash Alert, we highlight the changes under the TSS visa regime that have come into effect as well as those that are anticipated subject to the passage of legislation.  For the full story, see “New Temporary Skills Shortage Visa Program Introduced,” (PDF 294 KB) in Migration Newsflash (20 March 2018), a publication of the KPMG International member firm in Australia.


With the introduction of the TSS visa framework, employers will need to carefully navigate the new Labour Market Testing requirements (if not exempted under international trade obligations) in light of the new policy specification on acceptable advertising to demonstrate that no suitably skilled / qualified Australians are available to fill the nominated roles.

The costs of the new Skilling Australians Fund (“SAF”) training levy will need to be factored into overall expenses relating to the nomination of existing assignees seeking to extend their stay in Australia with a TSS visa, or prospective assignees applying for a TSS visa to enter Australia.  Furthermore, administering the up-front payment of the SAF training levy will need to be duly considered as the levy must be paid at the time of nomination.   

New TSS Visa Regime

The TSS visa heralds a new era for Australia’s temporary work visa regime that is predicated on the need for employers to source foreign workers to fill genuine short-term positions for up to two years and also to address critical skills demand in medium-term occupations for up to four years.

Labour Market Testing (“LMT”)

A key change has been the introduction of new and more robust LMT requirements which serve to underpin the new TSS visa regime.  LMT will apply to all occupations nominated under the TSS visa program, which is a significant change to the LMT requirements under the Subclass 457 visa program (which only apply to ‘protected’ occupations). 


Importantly, LMT under the TSS visa program must have occurred within a six-month period prior to the lodgement of a nomination application (or a 12-month period if the nomination application was lodged prior to 18 June 2018).    

Training Levy

A further key change – and undoubtedly the hallmark of the new TSS visa regime – will be the new SAF training levy which is subject to the passage of legislation.  The SAF training levy will be tax deductible and sponsors cannot seek to pass on the costs of the training levy to the visa applicant.

Employer-Sponsored Permanent Skilled Migration

Complementary changes to employer-sponsored permanent skilled migration (Employer Nomination Scheme and Regional Sponsored Migration Scheme) have taken effect alongside the TSS visa program.  (Again, for more details please refer to “New Temporary Skills Shortage Visa Program Introduced,” (PDF 294 KB) in Migration Newsflash (20 March 2018).)


Transitional ArrangementsTransitional arrangements will be available until 18 March 2022 for nominees who either held, or were applicants for, a subclass 457 visa (which was subsequently granted) on 18 April 2017 to apply under the Temporary Residence Transition (or “TRT”) stream on the basis of having worked for their nominating employer on a either a 457 or TSS visa for at least two out of the preceding three years.

Unless transitional arrangements apply, employers can only nominate assignees for permanent residence in occupations on the Medium- and Long-term Strategic Skills List (“MLTSSL”) or on the Regional Occupations List (“ROL”) if located in a regional area and need to communicate this in advance to assignees who may be seeking an employer-sponsored pathway to permanent residence.

The transitional “grandfathering” arrangements’ sunset date of 18 March 2022, will limit the period available to certain eligible subclass 457 visa holders to apply for employer-sponsored permanent residence under the TRT stream.  Hence employers and their assignees will need to consider accessing these arrangements as soon as eligibility has been met.


1  For additional information, refer to Department of Home Affairs dedicated site.

2  For prior coverage, see GMS Flash Alert 2017-129 (24 August 2017).

3  To access the Minister of Citizenship and Multicultural Affairs 19 March 2018 media release “Joint media release with the Hon Michaelia Cash - New visa scheme to attract highly skilled global talent,“

*  Please note the KPMG International member firm in the United States does not provide immigration or labour law services. However, KPMG Law LLP in Canada can assist clients with U.S. immigration matters. 


The information contained in this newsletter was submitted by the KPMG International member firm in Australia.

©2021 KPMG, an Australian partnership and a member firm of the KPMG global organisation of independent member firms affiliated with KPMG International Limited, a private English company limited by guarantee. All rights reserved. The KPMG name and logo are trademarks used under license by the independent member firms of the KPMG global organisation.

Liability limited by a scheme approved under Professional Standards Legislation.

For more detail about the structure of the KPMG global organisation please visit

Flash Alert is an Global Mobility Services publication of KPMG LLPs Washington National Tax practice. The KPMG logo and name are trademarks of KPMG International. KPMG International is a Swiss cooperative that serves as a coordinating entity for a network of independent member firms. KPMG International provides no audit or other client services. Such services are provided solely by member firms in their respective geographic areas. KPMG International and its member firms are legally distinct and separate entities. They are not and nothing contained herein shall be construed to place these entities in the relationship of parents, subsidiaries, agents, partners, or joint venturers. No member firm has any authority (actual, apparent, implied or otherwise) to obligate or bind KPMG International or any member firm in any manner whatsoever. The information contained in herein is of a general nature and is not intended to address the circumstances of any particular individual or entity. Although we endeavor to provide accurate and timely information, there can be no guarantee that such information is accurate as of the date it is received or that it will continue to be accurate in the future. No one should act on such information without appropriate professional advice after a thorough examination of the particular situation.

Connect with us


Want to do business with KPMG?


loading image Request for proposal

Stay up to date with what matters to you

Gain access to personalized content based on your interests by signing up today

Sign up today