Tax Residency - a burning platform to get it right | KPMG | GLOBAL
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Tax Residency - a burning platform to get it right

Tax Residency - a burning platform to get it right

Liam Delahunty looks at the implications of the High Court’s decision in Bywater for Australian groups with foreign-incorporated subsidiaries.


Director, International Tax

KPMG Australia


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The High Court’s decision in Bywater Investments Limited / Hua Wang Bank Berhad v. Commissioner of Taxation [2016] HCA 45 (Bywater) found that various foreign-incorporated entities had, in reality, been centrally managed and controlled in Australia and also carried on business in Australia, and had thereby become Australian residents.

The Australian Taxation Office (ATO) has reiterated the outcome of the case in Draft Ruling TR 2017/D2. Simultaneously it has withdrawn Taxation Ruling 2004/15 as of 15 March 2017 (which arguably provided a concessional treatment). The Draft Ruling is anticipated to be finalised shortly.

The key aspect of this change in the ATO’s approach appears to be that if central management and control is situated in Australia, then that automatically constitutes the carrying-on of a business in Australia.

Some groups may be adversely affected by this decision and the apparent change in the ATO’s position. The consequences could be severe – including:

  • joining a tax consolidated group (and the ensuing tax cost-setting process)
  • needing to notify the ATO of such an event (and avoid exposure to significant late filing penalties, post-1 July 2017)
  • needing to lodge amended income tax returns including a determination of the extent to which the foreign branch income exemption may be satisfied
  • a denial of interest deductions incurred in respect of financing a foreign branch (as opposed to a foreign subsidiary) and
  • tax sharing agreements/tax funding agreements not being valid.

It is timely for Australian groups with foreign-incorporated subsidiaries to consider whether they are appropriately managing tax residency risk from a go-forward perspective. This can include re-visiting and /or implementing tax residency protocols and ensuring that they can be applied practically.

Given that since 15 March 2017, reliance on the prior Taxation Ruling 2004/15 is no longer possible, groups should be doing this as soon as possible.

© 2019 KPMG, an Australian partnership and a member firm of the KPMG network of independent member firms affiliated with KPMG International Cooperative (“KPMG International”), a Swiss entity. All rights reserved.

KPMG International Cooperative (“KPMG International”) is a Swiss entity.  Member firms of the KPMG network of independent firms are affiliated with KPMG International. KPMG International provides no client services. No member firm has any authority to obligate or bind KPMG International or any other member firm vis-à-vis third parties, nor does KPMG International have any such authority to obligate or bind any member firm.

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