Taxation of international executives.
When are tax returns due? That is, what is the tax return due date?
If this date falls on a Sunday, then the due date is the next working day. Administratively, this is also true if the due date falls on a Saturday.
What is the tax year-end?
What are the compliance requirements for tax returns in Jersey?
Tax returns are required to be filed by a resident individual whose total income derived from sources in and out of Barbados is more than the minimum threshold of BBD25,000. Spouses file separate tax returns. There is no joint filing in Barbados.
Tax returns are required to be filed by non-residents who derive any Barbados-sourced income including payments for fees or charges arising under a contract for the provision of services, amounts received from an office in Barbados, and income from royalties deemed to arise in Barbados.
What are the current income tax rates for residents and non-residents in Barbados?
The income tax rates are 16 percent on the first BBD35,000 of taxable income and 33.5 percent thereafter. There is a basic personal allowance of BBD25,000. The personal allowance is BBD40,000 for pensioners who are 60 years of age or over and in receipt of a pension.
With effect from 1 July 2019, the tax rates for individuals are as follows:
|Taxable income||Rate of tax|
|Up to and including BBD50,000||12.5%|
*with effect from 1 January 2020.
The income tax rates are as above. No deductions or allowances in respect of the calculation of assessable income shall be made in respect of income or the production of income not derived from Barbados.
For the purposes of taxation, how is an individual defined as a resident of Barbados?
A person is deemed to be resident in Barbados in an income year if that person:
Is there a de minimus number of days rule when it comes to residency start and end date? For example, a taxpayer can’t come back to the host country/territory for more than 10 days after their assignment is over and they repatriate.
What if the assignee enters the country/territory before their assignment begins?
The residency threshold addresses the aggregate days spent in the year.
Are there any tax compliance requirements when entering or leaving the country/territory?
On or before entering Barbados, non-residents are required to apply for a work permit in the form or manner prescribed. The application is usually made by the entity who will be employing the individual.
On or after leaving Barbados, a final income tax return must be filed and a Tax Clearance Certificate should be requested.
There is no income tax specifically related to departure. Government departure taxes are built into the cost of the airline ticket.
What if the assignee comes back for a trip after residency has terminated?
Ordinarily resident rules will apply (aggregate number of days).
Communication between Immigration and Taxation Authorities
Do the immigration authorities in Barbados provide information to the local taxation authorities regarding when a person enters or leaves Barbados?
If not currently in place that is the intention.
Will an assignee have a filing requirement in the host country/territory after they leave the country/territory and repatriate?
The requirement to file a tax return depends on the residency and source of income of the individual. Where the individual no longer meets the residency criteria and does not derive any Barbados source income, no further returns would be required. However, where the individual derives Barbados source income, a return may be required depending on treaty considerations.
Do the taxation authorities in Barbados adopt the economic employer approach to interpreting Article 15 of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) treaty? If no, are the taxation authorities in Barbados considering the adoption of this interpretation of economic employer in the future?
Barbados taxation authorities do adopt the economic employer approach to interpreting Article 15 of the OECD treaty.
Are there a de minimus number of days before the local taxation authorities will apply the economic employer approach? If yes, what is the de minimus number of days?
There is no de minimus number of days before the local taxation authorities will apply the economic employer approach.
What categories are subject to income tax in general situations?
Generally income derived from the following categories are subject to income tax:
• Earned Income.
• Income from self-employment.
• Trade or business partnership.
• Dividends, interest and royalties when received.
• Foreign exchange gains realized (to extent on account of income).
• Employment income is taxable when received or when the employee is entitled to receive it, if earlier. Employment income is subject to tax to the extent it was earned / derived during a period of Barbados residence, or in the case of income / derived earned while non-resident to the extent it was earned in respect of duties performed in Barbados.
Will a non-resident of Barbados who, as part of their employment within a group company, is also appointed as a statutory director (i.e. member of the Board of Directors in a group company situated in Barbados trigger a personal tax liability in Barbados, even though no separate director's fee/remuneration is paid for their duties as a board member?
No. However, where the director’s fees can be separately identified in respect of the Barbados company this income derived from Barbados should be liable to tax herein.
a) Will the taxation be triggered irrespective of whether or not the board member is physically present at the board meetings in Barbados?
b) Will the answer be different if the cost directly or indirectly is charged to/allocated to the company situated in Barbados (i.e. as a general management fee where the duties rendered as a board member is included)?
Where the director’s fees can be separately identified in respect of the Barbados company this income derived from Barbados should be liable to tax herein.
c) In the case that a tax liability is triggered, how will the taxable income be determined?
In the manner and at the rates prescribed above.
Are there any areas of income that are exempt from taxation in your country/territory? If so, please provide a general definition of these areas.
Certain Employer Provided Housing Allowances
Where the employer provides a rent-free residence for an employee, amounts in excess of BBD48,000 are not taxable.
Certain Employer Provided Tax Reimbursements
Where an employer undertakes to pay the tax on the benefit enjoyed by an individual in respect of a rent-free residence as described earlier, then the benefit represented by the tax paid thereon by the employer is not included in assessable income of the employee.
Certain Employer Provided Relocation Reimbursements
Reimbursement by the employer of the actual cost of relocation will generally be exempt from income tax in the year of relocation.
Income of Specially Qualified Non-Nationals
Income tax exemptions are granted to specially qualified non-nationals as follows:
Specially qualified non-nationals are individuals who are in receipt of a valid work permit for employment in Barbados with an entity in the international business sector for a period of not less than 3 years.
Per Special Enactment
No tax is payable under the Income Tax Act by a person who is exempted from paying income tax by any other enactment in force in Barbados. For example, statutory instruments under Cap. 67B of the Laws of Barbados.
Are there any concessions made for expatriates in your country/territory?
Normally, there are no concessions when an expatriate comes to Barbados.
However, where the individual obtains a work permit for no less than 3 years to work with an entity which is involved in the international business sector, then there are tax concessions that allow a prescribed percentage of the employee’s salary, fees and any other emoluments:
Is salary earned from working abroad taxed in Barbados? If so, how?
An individual who is both resident and domiciled In Barbados is taxable on their worldwide income. However, foreign tax credits are available where tax is payable in a country/territory other than Barbados on profits, income, or gains derived from sources in that country/territory. The tax credit shall not exceed the amount of tax, as computed before the credit is given, which is attributable to the income derived outside Barbados.
An individual, who is resident but not domiciled in Barbados, does not include in their assessable income, salary from working abroad where that salary is not derived from an office in Barbados, and is not remitted to Barbados.
Are investment income and capital gains taxed in your country/territory? If so, how?
Investment income (such as dividends, interest, and rental income) is assessed to tax in the year in which it is received. However, where the individual is resident but not domiciled in Barbados, and these amounts are not derived from Barbados, or remitted to Barbados, these amounts would not be included in assessable income of the individual for Barbados tax purposes. Tax is levied at ordinary personal income tax rates, subject to the foreign tax credit rules in respect of foreign taxes paid.
Capital gains are not subject to tax in Barbados.
Dividends, interest, and rental income are generally taxed when received. Interest is also included in assessable income when it is credited on account, reinvested, accumulated, or capitalized.
Where income is received from the rental of residential property, the tax rate to be applied is 15 percent of net rental income.
|Residency Status||Taxable at:|
|Other (if applicable)||N||N||Y/N|
Residents and non-residents would both include in income, as a benefit of employment, the difference between the market value of the shares at the time of purchase and the purchase price, being less than the market value of shares purchased by an employee from an employing company to the extent this amount is in excess of 10 percent of the assessable income of that employee for the income year. That is, this benefit is exempt from tax to the extent it is equal to or less than 10 percent of assessable income. However, if the shares are disposed of within 5 years of the date of purchase the exempt portion of the benefit is included in assessable income.
There are also certain exemptions for shares issued in certain circumstances such as retirement gifts, or long-term service (at least 20 years) but these are not discussed in detail in this section as it would likely not apply to an expatriate.
Where the employee is resident but not domiciled in Barbados (likely the case for an expatriate employee), stock option benefits which are not derived from employment in Barbados, and are not remitted to Barbados should not be taxable in Barbados.
Capital gains are not taxable in Barbados. Therefore, the distinction of whether a particular gain is on account of an income or capital is very important. Foreign exchange gains and losses on account of income are included in the taxpayer’s assessable income in Barbados if they are resident and domiciled in Barbados. Such gains and losses are included in assessable income of a resident but non-domiciled individual only if those gains or losses are derived from Barbados sources or are remitted to Barbados. A non-resident is assessable on these gains or losses only if they are derived from Barbados sources.
Capital gains are not taxed in Barbados; therefore there is no tax on gains arising from the sale of an individual’s principal residence.
There is no capital gains tax in Barbados. Accordingly, capital losses are irrelevant for tax purposes.
Gains or losses realized on the disposition of personal use items are generally on account of capital. Therefore, there is no tax assessable on such gains or losses.
There is no gift tax in Barbados.
Are there capital gains tax exceptions in your country/territory? If so, please discuss.
Capital gains are not taxed in Barbados.
What are the general deductions from income allowed in your country/territory?
A deduction is permitted in relation to all losses and outgoings to the extent that they are incurred in gaining or producing assessable income, or are necessarily incurred in carrying on business for the purpose of gaining or producing such income, except to the extent to which they are losses or outgoings of a capital, private, or domestic nature, or are incurred in relation to the gaining or producing of exempt income. In addition, deductions are specifically permitted for certain types of expenditures such as the following:
What are the tax reimbursement methods generally used by employers in your country/territory?
Current year gross-up is the normal method of recognizing tax reimbursements paid by the employer.
How are estimates/prepayments/withholding of tax handled in your country/territory? For example, Pay-As-You-Earn (PAYE), Pay-As-You-Go (PAYG), and so on.
Deductions from employment income are covered under the PAYE system.
If an individual is paid and/or employed, the employer will be required to withhold tax from their salary and wages and remit the tax to Barbados Taxation Office.
At the end of the year the employer will provide the individual with a Statement of Remuneration paid and deductions during the year. The document is used to prepare the income tax return.
When are estimates/prepayments/withholding of tax due in your country/territory? For example, monthly, annually, both, and so on.
For employed persons, the company is required to withhold and remit, the tax computed on a monthly basis and pay to the Barbados Revenue Authority by the 15th of the following month.
Withholding taxes on interest income derived is a final tax for the individual.
Is there any Relief for Foreign Taxes in your country/territory? For example, a foreign tax credit (FTC) system, double taxation treaties, and so on?
Where tax is payable in a country/territory other than Barbados on profits, income or gains derived from sources in that country/territory, the tax so payable in that country/territory shall be allowed as a credit against the tax payable in Barbados on such profits, income or gains.
The tax credit shall not exceed the amount of tax, as computed before the credit is given, which is attributable to the income derived outside Barbados.
What are the general tax credits that may be claimed in your country/territory? Please list below.
In addition to the tax credits described in the deductions section, the following may also be claimed:
To be provided upon request.