United States – Travel Ban Suspension Upheld by Federal Court of Appeals
After oral arguments on February 7, 2017, a U.S. federal Court of Appeals1 has denied the government’s motion to overturn the stay on President Trump’s travel “ban.” Therefore, it’s “business as usual” for nationals of the seven affected countries (Sudan, Syria, Libya, Somalia, Iran, Iraq, and Yemen).
Pursuant to the Temporary Restraining Order (TRO) issued by a U.S. federal judge2, all nationals from the seven affected countries listed in the president’s January 27, 2017 Executive Order have been permitted to board aircraft bound to the U.S. and apply for entry based on their valid nonimmigrant and immigrant visas. Subsequent to the Court of Appeal’s decision, they may continue to do so. (For prior coverage, see GMS Flash Alert 2017-023, February 6, 2017.)
1. There has been considerable confusion regarding the legal effect of the ban and the TRO. It is expected that the government will appeal to the Supreme Court. Until such time however, it’s business as usual for nationals from the seven affected countries.
2. Airlines have been advised by the Department of Homeland Security that the holders of valid visas by individuals of one of the seven countries should be allowed to board aircraft.
3. Similar instructions have now been issued to consular offices – to which nationals of the seven affected countries may turn with a view to securing entry in the United States – and to ports of entry that are charged with permitting these nationals to enter the United States.
4. It is critical that employers and employees monitor the status of this situation as any change in the legal position could have dramatic consequences on a temporary visa holder’s ability to re-enter the United States.
5. In limited circumstances where a visa has been physically cancelled, it is necessary to seek appropriate legal assistance with having the visa re-issued at the earliest possible opportunity.
1. Individuals from the seven affected countries holding temporary status who are currently in the United States are advised to remain in the United States until this matter is ultimately resolved. If travel is essential, consultation with qualified U.S. immigration counsel prior to travel is advised.
2. Individuals holding temporary status currently outside the United States should seek advice from their qualified U.S. immigration counsel to determine the appropriate opportunity to return to the United States – there is currently no impediment to returning to the United States, and this course of action should be carefully considered. Note that a valid U.S. visa is required and if the individual’s current visa has been cancelled, there may be a need for its physical re-issuance. U.S. visas that have been provisionally cancelled may be electronically reinstated.
3. At this time, there is no impediment to a U.S. lawful permanent resident returning to the United States, as is the case with a dual national holding a passport from a non-restricted country with a valid U.S. visa. In the event that the Executive Order is reinstated (either in whole or in part), following a Supreme Court ruling, the appropriate legal advice should be obtained prior to returning to the United States to determine that there has been no change in this position.
Please note that KPMG LLP (U.S.) does not provide any immigration services. However, KPMG LLP Law in Canada can assist clients with U.S. immigration matters.
The information contained in this newsletter was submitted by the KPMG International member firm in Canada.
© 2020 KPMG LLP, a Canada limited liability partnership and a member firm of the KPMG network of independent member firms affiliated with KPMG International Cooperative (“KPMG International”), a Swiss entity. All rights reserved.
KPMG International Cooperative (“KPMG International”) is a Swiss entity. Member firms of the KPMG network of independent firms are affiliated with KPMG International. KPMG International provides no client services. No member firm has any authority to obligate or bind KPMG International or any other member firm vis-à-vis third parties, nor does KPMG International have any such authority to obligate or bind any member firm.
Flash Alert is an Global Mobility Services publication of KPMG LLPs Washington National Tax practice. The KPMG logo and name are trademarks of KPMG International. KPMG International is a Swiss cooperative that serves as a coordinating entity for a network of independent member firms. KPMG International provides no audit or other client services. Such services are provided solely by member firms in their respective geographic areas. KPMG International and its member firms are legally distinct and separate entities. They are not and nothing contained herein shall be construed to place these entities in the relationship of parents, subsidiaries, agents, partners, or joint venturers. No member firm has any authority (actual, apparent, implied or otherwise) to obligate or bind KPMG International or any member firm in any manner whatsoever. The information contained in herein is of a general nature and is not intended to address the circumstances of any particular individual or entity. Although we endeavor to provide accurate and timely information, there can be no guarantee that such information is accurate as of the date it is received or that it will continue to be accurate in the future. No one should act on such information without appropriate professional advice after a thorough examination of the particular situation.