Taxation of international executives
Are there social security/social1 insurance taxes in Romania? If so, what are the rates for employers and employees?
|Type of insurance||Paid by employer||Paid by employee||Total|
Hard working conditions 4%
Special working conditions 8%
|Work insurance contribution 2.25%*
*As of 1 January 2018, the work insurance contribution is due by the employer (2.25%). The contribution is intended to finance the social security benefits as follows: unemployment indemnities (20%), medical leave indemnities (40%), indemnities granted to employees as a result of a work accident or professional disease (5%) and supply for the guarantee fund for employment debts (15%). The 20% difference represents income at the state budget which is directed in a separate account.
As of 2016, where the employer is resident of a country/territory which is not covered by the EC Regulation 883/04 or with which Romania has no bilateral agreement on social security coordination, it is the individual’s responsibility to declare and pay the full social security contributions.
Are there any gift, wealth, estate, and/or inheritance taxes in Romania?
If the inheritance procedure is finalized within 2 years from the death of the predecessor, no tax is due. Otherwise, a 1 percent tax is due on the value of the inheritance. No tax on gifts or wealth exists as such.
Are there real estate taxes in Romania?
Yes. Owners of land, buildings, and automobiles are liable to local taxes.
Are there sales and/or value-added taxes in Romania?
Romanian VAT is currently 19 percent.
Are there unemployment taxes in Romania?
See social security section.
Are there additional taxes in Romania that may be relevant to the general assignee? For example, customs tax, excise tax, stamp tax, and so on.
Is there a requirement to declare/report offshore assets (e.g., foreign financial accounts, securities) to the country/territory’s fiscal or banking authorities?
Currently, there is no requirement to declare offshore assets. Where the offshore asset generates income, this income would have to be declared in Romania in the case of Romanian tax residents and taxed accordingly.
1 Romanian Social Security Laws, no. 76/2002, no.158/2005, no. 95/2006.
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