Taxation of international executives
Are there social security/social insurance taxes1 in the Bahamas? If so, what are the rates for employers and employees?
|Type of Insurance||Paid by Employer||Paid by Employee||Total|
All individuals working in the Bahamas are normally liable to pay national insurance on a maximum annual salary of BSD34,836. An employee rate of 3.9 percent and an employer rate of 5.9 percent is applied to the employee’s salary. The rates are applied up to a maximum ceiling of BSD670 weekly or BSD2,903 monthly (totaling a maximum annual salary of BSD34,836). This maximum level is effective from 1 July 2018 and is subject to a further increase every 2 years thereafter by the estimated increase in average wages.
The national insurance scheme is compulsory. It provides benefits in respect of sickness, industrial injury, disability, maternity, retirement, and death.
Are there any gift, wealth, estate, and/or inheritance taxes in the Bahamas?
No, these do not apply in the Bahamas.
Are there real estate taxes2 in the Bahamas?
A real property tax of between 0 percent and 2 percent is payable depending upon the value of the property and whether or not it is foreign owned. Property transactions are also subject to stamp duty tax of 2.5 percent on transactions valued under BSD100,000 and 5 percent on transactions valued over BSD100,000.
Are there sales and/or value-added taxes in the Bahamas?
Yes, VAT is currently implemented at a rate of 12 percent (previously 7.5 percent).
Are there unemployment taxes in the Bahamas?
There are no unemployment taxes at present.
Are there additional taxes in the Bahamas that may be relevant to the general assignee? For example, customs tax, excise tax, stamp tax, and so on.
Most imports are subject to customs (import) duties of between 0 percent and 220 percent. The average rate of import duty is 30 percent to 35 percent.
Stamp tax apply on certain instruments and transactions at rates that vary.
Excise duty is calculated and charged on locally produced products when put up for retail sale. Currently, excise duty is collected on locally produced alcoholic spirits, beer and vitamalt.
All expatriates working in the Bahamas require work permits, which are generally paid for by the employer. Annual permit fees can vary depending on the industry, job title and the length of time the employee has resided in The Bahamas to date. The annual fees can range from BSD200 to BSD15,500.
Is there a requirement to declare/report offshore assets (e.g. foreign financial accounts, securities) to the country/territory’s fiscal or banking authorities?
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