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Ecuador: Digital services subject to VAT

Ecuador: Digital services subject to VAT

Digital services provided to persons in Ecuador are subject to value added tax (VAT) at a rate of 12%.

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The law known in English as the “Organic Law for Tax Simplicity and Progressiveness” (and published in the official gazette on 31 December 2019) introduced the VAT liability for digital services. The effective date is 16 September 2020.

Rules for administering the VAT measures on digital services (approved by the president on 28 July 2020) provide a definition of digital services; lists digital services subject to VAT; and set out the mechanism for VAT withholding and proof of compliance.

The rendering of digital services is described in these administrative rules as: (1) services rendered or provided through the internet; (2) services that have an automatized nature and, therefore, minimum human intervention is needed to provide them; and (3) the device used to download or visualize these services does not determine the nature of such services. Under the administrative rules, digital services that are subject to VAT include:

  • Web-page supply and other services related to assisting a business in maintaining an online presence
  • Digitalized products (computer programs)
  • Remote preventive and corrective maintenance
  • Administration of remote services and online technical support
  • Web-based services including data storage and online publicity
  • Software services through cloud downloads
  • Access to and allowing downloads of images, text, video, sporting events, music, games (including gambling), movies, ringtones, online news, traffic and weather updates, statistics services, and any other audiovisual content available via an internet connection
  • Data base-related services and any other services rendered automatically through a computer system
  • Online clubs and dating webpages
  • Online blogs, magazines, and newspapers
  • Internet-rendering services
  • Remote tests graded in an automated manner
  • Online marketplace (delivery services of movable goods), online bidding, job advertising webpages, and transportation and accommodation services offered online
  • Manipulation and calculation of data through the internet
  • Other services as defined by the tax authority through a generally binding resolution (applicable to all taxpayers)

Note that the supply of webpage dominions, hosting servers, and cloud computing-related services are subject to VAT at a rate of 0%.

The tax authority will publish, on a quarterly basis, a list of service providers subject to VAT on their digital services. Non-domiciled providers of digital services may register with the tax authority (this registration is not mandatory).

Concerning payment, VAT on digital services will be added and is to be withheld by the credit or debit card provider so that when the user pays for the digital services, the account statement issued will be considered to be proof of the withholding. When payments are made other than by credit or debit card, the Ecuador taxpayer must issue a settlement statement for acquisition of goods or rendering of services for which VAT (at a rate of 12%) must be added and “self-withheld.”


For more information, contact a tax professional with the Tax Group of KPMG’s Latin American Markets or with the KPMG member firm in Ecuador:

Alfonso A-Pallete | +1 (212) 954 3852 | apallete@kpmg.com

Karina Rubio | +593 (2) 2444 225 | krubio@kpmg.com

Bernardo Chaves | +593 (2) 2444225 | raulchaves@kpmg.com

María de Lourdes Ortiz | +593 (2) 2444 225 | marialortiz@kpmg.com

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