An executive order, signed by the U.S. president and authorizing the implementation of sanctions in the “Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act,” was released today for publication in the Federal Register.
Executive Order 13849 [PDF 256 KB] implements measures to prohibit or block certain transactions.
The Treasury Department’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) today reporting the publication of new Russia-related “frequently asked questions”—CAATSA - Russia-related FAQs—to provide information regarding the executive order. Text of today’s FAQ is as follows (hyperlinks within the FAQ omitted):
627. What is the purpose of the Executive Order (E.O.) of September 20, 2018, “Authorizing the Implementation of Certain Sanctions Set Forth in the Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act”?
Title II of the Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act, as amended (CAATSA), and the Ukraine Freedom Support Act of 2014, as amended (UFSA), provide for the imposition of certain sanctions with respect to the Russian Federation. The E.O. of September 20, 2018 provides authority under the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (IEEPA) to the Secretary of the Treasury to take certain actions to further implement those sanctions and directs agencies of the United States Government to take all appropriate measures within their authority to ensure the full implementation of those sanctions.
Specifically, the E.O., among other things, (i) delegates the implementation of listed sanctions menu items in section 235 of CAATSA and section 4(c) of UFSA regardless of whether that agency is delegated the authority to select the sanctions under section 235 of CAATSA or section 4(c) of UFSA, as applicable, and (ii) authorizes the Secretary of the Treasury to employ all powers granted to the President by IEEPA and relevant provisions of UFSA and CAATSA to carry out the purposes of the E.O. Section 4(c) of UFSA provides a menu of nine sanctions from which the Secretary of the Treasury or the Secretary of State must select when imposing sanctions on persons pursuant to sections 4(a) or 4(b) of UFSA. Furthermore, section 235 of CAATSA provides a menu of 12 sanctions from which the Secretary of the Treasury or the Secretary of State must select when imposing sanctions on persons pursuant to sections 224(a)(2), 231(a), 232(a), and 233(a) of CAATSA. The U.S. Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) anticipates promulgating regulations to implement these sanctions.
The E.O. provides for comprehensive implementing and penalties provisions that enable OFAC, among other things, to promulgate regulations and issue administrative subpoenas, licenses, and the full range of civil enforcement actions with respect to sanctions violations. [09-20-2018]
For more information on this topic or to learn more about KPMG’s Trade & Customs Services, contact:
John L. McLoughlin
Luis (Lou) Abad
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