Permanent placements drop in October, but temp billings continue to rise sharply.


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Key findings

  • Renewed fall in permanent placements contrasts with quicker rise in temp billings
  • Overall vacancies decline, after rising in September
  • Substantial rise in candidate supply drives down starting pay

Data collected October 12-26


The latest KPMG and REC, UK Report on Jobs survey revealed a renewed drop in permanent staff appointments in October, as rising coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) case numbers weighed heavily on recruitment plans. Greater uncertainty over the outlook meanwhile drove a further marked rise in temp billings. However, overall demand for staff fell modestly, driven by a renewed fall in permanent vacancies.

Widespread reports of redundancies, and fears over current job security, fuelled a further sharp rise in candidate availability. Increased labour supply, and reduced client budgets, contributed to steeper falls in starting pay for both permanent and temporary workers.

The report is compiled by IHS Markit from responses to questionnaires sent to a panel of around 400 UK recruitment and employment consultancies.

Renewed fall in permanent staff appointments

Recruitment trends were mixed in October, with a renewed fall in permanent placements contrasting with a sharper increase in temp billings. According to recruitment consultancies, greater uncertainty over the outlook amid rising COVID-19 cases weighed on hiring activity, with firms often preferring to recruit short-term staff. 

Jobs Graph

Overall demand for staff weakens

October survey data also pointed to a renewed drop in overall vacancies across the UK, albeit one that was only modest. The reduction was driven by reduced demand for permanent workers, as temporary vacancies rose for the third month in a row.

Candidate availability continues to increase sharply...

The supply of labour continued to expand sharply in October, despite the rate of growth easing to a five-month low. The availability of both permanent and temporary staff continued to rise at historically marked rates amid widespread reports of redundancies as well as concerns around job security.

...leading to stronger falls in starting pay

A combination of rising candidate numbers and reduced client budgets contributed to further falls in starting pay at the start of the fourth quarter. Permanent starters' salaries and temp wages both fell markedly, with the rates of decline quickening since September.

Regional and Sector Variations

Trends were mixed across the four English regions monitored by the survey. Growth of permanent placements in the Midlands and the North of England was offset by falls in the South of England and London.

As has been the case in the past three months, temp billings rose across all four monitored English regions bar London at the start of the fourth quarter.

Private sector vacancies rose further in October. Permanent roles expanded only slightly, however, contrasting with a sharp increase in temporary positions. In the public sector, demand fell for both permanent and temporary workers, with the former noting the sharper rate of decline.

Demand for permanent workers fell across six of the ten monitored job sectors in October. Retail and Hotel & Catering saw by far the steepest falls in vacancies. Meanwhile, IT & Computing saw the strongest rise in permanent staff demand.

The steepest increase in short-term vacancies was once again seen in Blue Collar in October, followed by Nursing/Medical/Care. Of the five sectors to note reduced demand for temp staff, the most marked falls were seen in Hotel & Catering and Retail.


Commenting on the latest survey results, James Stewart, Vice Chair at KPMG, said:

“With a reluctance to recruit permanent staff and a big increase in people available for work, the impending lockdown puts the UK jobs market in a precarious position.

“While the furlough scheme extension may give a brief respite, it will fuel economic uncertainty and further dampen prospects for jobseekers, hitting hiring activity hard.

“The Government needs to ensure it offers enough financial support to UK business and opportunities for jobseekers to upskill as we continue to navigate through this crisis.”

Neil Carberry, Chief Executive of the REC, said:

“October brought a dose of realism after a quick economic bounce in the summer. While a new England-wide lockdown starts this week, similar restrictions were already in force in much of the UK last month. These figures show that hiring was still going on – and we believe that firms are better prepared to trade through these new restrictions than they were in March. Nevertheless, the outlook remains uncertain, and concerning. We face a challenging winter and temporary work will be a vital tool for keeping businesses going and people in work. All businesses are looking to Government to use the lockdown wisely and provide the Test and Trace system, vaccine and economic support that firms will need if they are to drive our recovery in 2021."





Gill Carson 

+44 (0) 7768 635843


Josh Prentice
Comms & Research Officer
T: +44 (0)20 7009 2129


Ciaran Price

PR Manager

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IHS Markit

Annabel Fiddes

Associate Director

+44 1491 461 010


The KPMG and REC, UK Report on Jobs is compiled by IHS Markit from responses to questionnaires sent to a panel of around 400 UK recruitment and employment consultancies.  

Survey responses are collected in the second half of each month and indicate the direction of change compared to the previous month. A diffusion index is calculated for each survey variable. The index is the sum of the percentage of ‘higher’ responses and half the percentage of ‘unchanged’ responses. The indices vary between 0 and 100, with a reading above 50 indicating an overall increase compared to the previous month, and below 50 an overall decrease. The indices are then seasonally adjusted.

Underlying survey data are not revised after publication, but seasonal adjustment factors may be revised from time to time as appropriate which will affect the seasonally adjusted data series.

For further information on the survey methodology, please contact

Full reports and historical data from the KPMG and REC, UK Report on Jobs are available by subscription. Please contact

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