Tax News Flash Issue 13
Tax News Flash Issue 13
Criminal Liability of Company's Representative– Basis to be Penalized has been Amended
On 11 February 2017, the Act on Amendment of Legal Provisions in relation to Criminal Liability of Representatives of Juristic Persons (the “New Act”) was issued to amend the legal provisions of 76 existing laws. The amendment contains criminal punishment for juristic persons’ representatives such as directors (“Representatives”). The New Act came into effect on 12 February 2017.
Before the New Act several laws presumed that Representatives committed an offence jointly with juristic persons and thus the Representatives and juristic persons are jointly liable to criminal punishment. However, such a presumption was in conflict with Constitutional Law according to several decisions of the Constitutional Court. Therefore, the New Act was issued to amend this legal presumption under all the 76 laws, which include for example:.
- Revenue Code
- Act Prescribing Offences Related to Registered Partnerships, Limited Partnerships, Limited Companies, Associations and Foundations
- Immigration Act
- Condominium Act
- Consumer Protection Act
- Building Control Act
- Factory Act
- Life and Non-Life Insurance Acts
- Land Development Act
- Anti-Money Laundering Act
- Electronic Transactions Act
Under the New Act, Representatives of the juristic person shall be jointly liable with juristic persons to criminal punishment under the amended 76 laws if the offence occurred from:
- Instruction or action of Representatives who are responsible for the juristic persons’ undertakings; or
- Lack of instruction or action of Representatives who have a duty to prevent the offence.
Although the basis for Representatives to be penalized has been amended, criminal offence and punishment under each of the 76 laws still exist. Representatives could still be penalized in the course of their duties. Therefore, the Representatives should be cautious performing duties on behalf of juristic persons and should seek advice from appropriate legal advisors.
We welcome any opportunity to discuss the relevance of the above matters to your business.
KPMG in Thailand’s Legal Services Team offers a wide range of practical legal solutions. For more information, please visit Legal Services.
© 2022 KPMG Phoomchai Tax Ltd., a Thailand limited liability company and a member firm of the KPMG network of independent member firms affiliated with KPMG International Cooperative (“KPMG International”), a Swiss entity. All rights reserved.
KPMG International Cooperative (“KPMG International”) is a Swiss entity. Member firms of the KPMG network of independent firms are affiliated with KPMG International. KPMG International provides no client services. No member firm has any authority to obligate or bind KPMG International or any other member firm vis-à-vis third parties, nor does KPMG International have any such authority to obligate or bind any member firm.