Supervisors increasingly view the composition of banks' managing bodies as a key driver of future stability. This is part of the reason why some banks are reviewing the skills and expertise of board members as well as board compositions. But others seem content to take a `wait and see' approach. This carries risks, with supervisors ready to address any weaknesses head-on. We believe banks should take an active, self-critical approach to building the board of the future.
The composition of European banks' managing bodies is changing fast. We see three overlapping forces encouraging institutions to broaden their view of the expertise that management boards will need in future.
The first driver is that banks are changing their operating and business models in response to their economic, social and technological environment. New executive level roles are being created to respond to these macroeconomic changes. With the increasing importance of technology and use of data in the industry, banks are faced with the challenges that come with FinTechs, new cyber risks and increased reliance on outsourced services but also changes in customer demand. Banks are turning to machine learning and data analytics to pre-empt customer behavior, helping build new products and processes.
In particular, outsourcing and digital innovations such as data analytics, cloud computing, artificial intelligence and distributed ledger technologies are playing a growing role. This was seen in the recent addition to BBVA's executive board, who have added a Head of Data at the highest level of their organisation to promote strategic use of data. To implement these changes successfully, many banks are seeking to augment the technological skills of their board members.
The second factor is the growing number of supervisory requirements around the skills of board members and the split of their roles and responsibilities. These include:
The third factor is the evolution of corporate governance codes, including a push for companies in all sectors to improve the diversity of their leaders. Corporate governance culture varies between Member States, but there are also legal requirements in place at an EU level - as illustrated by the EBA's continuing focus on diversity benchmarking or revised SREP guidelines which includes an assessment of the corporate and risk culture.
The combined effects of these drivers are pushing banks to review the composition of their management boards. In some cases, boards are getting larger as new capabilities emerge and technical functions become more refined. Apart from Chief Information Officers or Chief Data Officers, we are seeing a small number of banks in Europe that have implemented a Chief Lending Officer or Chief Credit Officer role in addition to a Chief Risk Officer.
Even so, other banks appear to be opting for a passive approach to their board composition. This may reflect a lack of awareness, or a preference to take a `wait and see' view of this relatively subjective topic. After all, interpretations of different C-level roles can vary significantly from country to country.
In our view, such a passive approach is a mistake. We see compelling reasons for banks to take a proactive attitude to board composition. To begin with, banks should be aware that the business and changing industry environment requires a re-assessment of board compositions. In addition, JSTs will consider the EBA guidelines as part of the SREP in 2018 and will ensure that SSM priority topics for 2018 are covered adequately by banks' management boards. It also seems likely that the ECB will conduct some form of benchmarking to compare the skills of banks' boards with those of their peers. Ultimately, boards judged to be falling short of supervisory requirements could face compulsory changes to their composition. We have already seen examples of this in Spain, Germany, Italy and Finland.
We therefore believe that banks should take a number of key steps to ensure their management boards are `fit for purpose'.
Of course there is no such thing as a `perfect' board. But business is changing fast and the growing supervisory focus on managing bodies means it is increasingly vital for banks to do all they can to build a board that will deliver future success.