New Register for Ultimate Beneficial Owners — Are you ready to have your name on a central register?
On 6 December 2017, Luxembourg’s Finance and Justice Ministers presented two new draft laws (n°7216 and n°7217) implementing two distinct registers of Ultimate Beneficial Owners (UBOs). There will be a central register for the UBOs of legal entities and, separately, a central register for trusts and fiduciaries. The main purpose of these new proposed rules is to align Luxembourg’s regulations with the international requirements in terms of legal persons’ transparency. The focus is on two main reporting obligations:
The registers were required to be implemented in every Member State before 26 June 2017 (i.e. articles 30 and 31 of the 4th Anti-Money Laundering Directive [AMLD] 2015/849) to prevent money laundering and the financing of terrorism. After almost 5 months’ delay and while negotiations on a 5th Laundering Directive are underway, Luxembourg finally put forward a bill, following the example of some neighbouring countries – such as Belgium, the UK, Germany or the Netherlands – who had already taken steps to be in line with the EU provisions.
According to the 4th AMLD transposed into Luxembourg law (art. 1, §7 of amended law of 12 November 2004 against ML/FT), a UBO is any natural person who ultimately owns a sufficient percentage of shares of a legal entity through direct or indirect ownership or has formal or effective control over a legal entity (shareholding or ownership of more than 25%). If no person with this profile can be identified or if there is any doubt that the person(s) identified are the beneficial owner(s), then the person falling under the definition is/are the person(s) holding the position of the senior manager of the legal entity.
Register for companies and legal entities
Companies and legal entities will have to provide the “Groupement d’intérêts économiques du Registre de commerce et des sociétés” (RCSL) with information about their UBOs: first name(s) and name, nationality(-ies), date of birth, place of birth, country of residence, address, and identification number.
Access to this information will be restricted and monitored:
The draft law also foresees an access restriction in cases of fear of fraud, kidnapping, blackmail, violence, or intimidation, or if the UBO is a minor.
Acting within the scope of its mission, the RCSL ensures the update of the data and is granted the power to control the accuracy of the information listed, including criminal penalties ranging from €1,250 to €1,250,000.
Register for trusts and fiduciaries
Trusts and fiduciaries will have to provide the “Administration de l’enregistrement et des domaines” (AED) with similar information about their UBOs. This information will only be accessible by national authorities competent in the fight against AML who will have access to all the information.
The supervisory authorities and the AED ensure the accuracy of the data and are granted an arsenal of administrative sanctions, including warnings, public declarations, periodic penalty payments, and fines ranging from €250 to €250,000.
Comparison between the two registers
The comparative table below highlights the main characteristics and differences of the two different registers.
|For whom?||companies and legal entities (excluding listed companies)||trusts/fiduciaries established in Luxembourg and who generate tax consequences|
|Authority in charge of the register
||registre de commerce et des sociétés||administration de l’enregistrement et des domaines|
|Who has access to the register’s information?||
|Type of information||information on the UBOs (first name[s] and name, nationality[ies], date of birth, place of birth, country of residence, address, and identification number)||
|How to access the information
||electronically (electronic or paper version extracts)||electronically|
|Conservation of the information by the entities||
companies/legal entities must:
supervisory authorities are responsible for ensuring accuracy and respecting the above obligations.
the AED has the power to apply:
the supervisory authorities can apply the same sanctions as the AED within the exercise of their supervision mission.
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