MCA issued relaxation for an IFSC company located in an SEZ
On 8 April 2015, the central government allowed the establishment of Units in an International Financial Services Centre (IFSC) in Special Economic Zones (SEZs). Such Units would be approved under the SEZ Rules, 2006, and Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDA)
(Regulation of Insurance Business in SEZ) Rules, 2015. Further such an IFSC would be subject to the following regulations:
The IFSC would cater to customers outside the jurisdiction of India, dealing with flows of finance, financial products and services across borders.
Additionally, during the monsoon Parliament session, the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) laid draft notifications in the Parliament, and proposed exceptions from, and modifications and adaptations of various provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 (2013 Act) for an IFSC company.
Such an IFSC company would be licensed to operate by the Reserve Bank of India or the SEBI or the IRDA from an IFSC located in an approved multi services SEZ set-up under the SEZ Act, 2005 read with the SEZ Rules, 2006 (specified IFSC company).
The above notifications have been approved by the Parliament and the MCA on 4 January 2017 issued two notifications (G.S.R. 08(E) and G.S.R. 09(E)) mentioning that certain provisions of the 2013 Act should not apply to an IFSC unlisted public or private company. Further, certain provisions of the 2013 Act would apply with specified exceptions or modifications.
This issue of First Notes provides an overview of the key sections of the 2013 Act that are applicable to an IFSC company with these modifications.
Key changes for an IFSC unlisted public and private company from the 2013 Act
The following table provides an overview of the key sections that are applicable to an IFSC company (whether unlisted public or private company) with modifications.
I. Key sections that are not applicable to an IFSC unlisted public and private company
|Section 2(76)(vii), Definitions||Section 2(76)(vii) defines that a ‘related person’ includes key managerial personnel. The provision will not be applicable to an IFSC unlisted public company in respect to Section 188 of the 2013 Act.|
|Section 92(3), Annual Return||The requirement for attaching an extract of an annual return with Board’s Report is not applicable to an IFSC company.|
|Section 139(2), Appointment
|The provision relating to reappointment of auditor is not applicable to an IFSC company.|
|Section 152, Appointment of directors||The provision relating to retirement and filing of vacancy on retirement of directors is not applicable to an IFSC company.|
|Section 177, Audit committee||Formation of Audit Committee is not applicable to an IFSC public company.
|Section 178||Formation of Nomination and Remuneration Committee and Stakeholders Relationship Committee is not applicable to an IFSC public company.|
|Section 188(1), Related party transactions||Conditions for entering contract or arrangement with a related party is not applicable to an IFSC company.|
|Section 196(4), Appointment of managing director, whole-time director or manager||Conditions for the appointment of managing director, whole-time director or manager under
provisions of Section 197 and Schedule V is not applicable to an IFSC company.
|Section 197, Overall maximum managerial remuneration and managerial remuneration in case of absence or inadequacy of profits||Conditions for overall maximum managerial remuneration and managerial remuneration in the case of absence or inadequacy of profits is not applicable to an IFSC company.|
II. Key sections applicable with certain new conditions
Section 43 – Kinds of share capital
Section 47 – Voting
|The sections are not applicable to an IFSC public company where memorandum of association or
articles of association of such a company provides such requirements.
|Section 67 - Restrictions on purchase by company or giving of loans by
it for purchase of its shares
The aforementioned section is not applicable to IFSC public companies in cases where:
|Sections 101 to 107 and Section 109||The mentioned sections relating to notices for meetings, quorum, voting is not applicable to an IFSC company unless otherwise specified in the articles of the company.|
|Section 135, Corporate social responsibility||This section is not applicable for a period of five years from the commencement of the business of
an IFSC company.
|Section 138, Internal audit||The section is applicable to an IFSC company if articles of the company provide for such
III. Key sections modified
|Section 2(41), Definition of financial year||An IFSC company which is the subsidiary of a foreign company can follow a financial year same as its holding company without the approval of the National Company Law Tribunal.|
|Section 3(2), Formation of Company||An IFSC company should be formed only as a company limited by shares.|
|Section 186, Loan and Investment by company||
The relaxation provided by MCA to IFSC companies is expected to help the set-up of new IFSCs and assist in paving the way for a new corporate structure in the Indian financial sector.
To access the text of the MCA notifications, please refer to the following:
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