From 1 July 2020, furloughed workers can return to work on a flexible, part time basis.
Employees will still be entitled to receive at least 80 percent of their reference pay (subject to a cap of £2,500 per month) for non-working time (pro-rated against any working hours). However the financial support from the Treasury will be phased down from 1 August, with employers meeting the shortfall. Employers will also have to pay employees in full for any hours they work from 1 July. HMRC have now released detailed guidance on how claims can be made for periods from 1 July. The calculation methodology is complex and will require employers to obtain data on working hours for those employees returning to work part time. Some employers may not have this data available for all employees. This, coupled with increased media and stakeholder scrutiny over whether it is appropriate to use the Job Retention Scheme (JRS), in particular where an employer subsequently makes redundancies, pays dividends or maintains senior executive pay levels, may leave employers concerned to ensure that any claims they do make are robust.
As of 12 June 2020, the JRS guidance is far more complex, totaling nine pieces of employer guidance, six which have been substantially amended and two which are new. Only one is unchanged from the first version of the scheme.
However, the main features of the new scheme remain as outlined by the Chancellor on 29 May.
HMRC’s new guidance sets out how claims should be calculated for furloughed workers from 1 July 2020, including those who return to work part time. These calculations are based on the hours the worker would ‘usually’ work in the claim period. There are different rules for employees who normally work fixed hours, and those who work variable hours.
Employees can be furloughed on or after 1 July and return to work on a flexible part time basis if they:
There will be no minimum furlough period after 1 July, and whilst this flexibility is welcome, in practice it could complicate the relevant calculations and claims.
Currently, employers can claim grants under the JRS equal to 80 percent of a furloughed worker’s reference pay (capped at £2,500 per month) plus the associated employer’s NIC and minimum pension contributions.
As previously announced:
The employer must fund the difference between the reducing JRS grant and the minimum payments it is required to make to furloughed employees in respect of non-working hours. Employers must also pay employees for all the hours that they work.
Claims for periods ending on or before 30 June must be submitted by 31 July. This is important because there have been no claim deadlines imposed before now.
Claims can be made under the new scheme from 1 July.
Employers should note:
Claims for employees returning to work on a part-time basis can only cover ‘usual’ working hours in the claim period that are not in fact worked.
Employers will need to record:
Employers will need to identify employees who will be furloughed on or after 1 July, revisit employee communications, and renegotiate furlough agreements with employees who will return to work part time. New agreements will have to deal with the new working arrangements and will be recorded in writing. This may be a far more difficult task than under the first version of the scheme.
Employers making discretionary ‘top up’ payments to furloughed employees should consider whether those agreements remain sustainable in light of the reducing JRS grant and the complexities of the new rules.
The calculation of the grant payable is now more complex. The new guidance prescribes the detailed methodology and contains over 30 different example calculations which, while helpful, inevitably cannot cover all circumstances. Sourcing relevant data on hours worked will be key. Employers should ensure they understand the detailed requirements, and that their processes and systems are ready to calculate the new claims.
Claims for overpayments can now be made through adjustments to future claims (see our accompanying article). The new guidance also confirms that HMRC will carry out additional checks where underpayments are claimed. Employers should therefore review historical claims to confirm whether they are correct.
Given the initial uncertainty over the basis for grant calculations, some employers will have made historic claims on a ‘best estimate’ basis. The additional complexity introduced by the new calculation methodology means some employers may be tempted to continue this approach. In our experience, even seemingly reasonable shortcuts can lead to claims which diverge significantly from the correct methodology and which would be open to HMRC challenge (as well as the risk of challenge from any employees who may feel they have been underpaid). It is conceivable that enforcement powers may be handed to HMRC along the same lines of National Minimum Wage enforcement and so employers will want to ensure their calculation methodology is robust.