IFRS 9 Financial instruments requires expected credit losses (ECLs) to be measured as an unbiased, probability-weighted amount, using reasonable and supportable information that is available without undue cost or effort at the reporting date.
Evaluating ECLs requires companies to consider a range of possible outcomes and their respective probabilities, and to apply judgement when determining what constitutes reasonable and supportable forward-looking information.
Furthermore a company is required to disclose the nature and extent of risks arising from financial instruments and how it manages those risks. It will need to use judgement to determine the specific disclosures that are relevant to its business and necessary to meet these objectives.
ECLs are usually material for banks and other financial institutions and these companies are likely to face the greatest challenges and will need to put the most resources into updating ECLs to reflect changing conditions.
Actions for management:
Consider the following when measuring ECL:
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