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Canada Kicks off CUSMA Ratification Process

Canada Kicks off CUSMA Ratification Process

Legislation to pass the CUSMA trade deal has now been tabled


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Canada has begun the process for ratifying its new trade agreement with the United States and Mexico. These procedures, which are currently expected to wrap up in March 2020, are the final steps before the Canada-United States-Mexico Agreement (CUSMA) replaces the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). This process began on January 29, 2020, when Bill C-4 to implement the CUSMA received first reading.

Under the terms of the agreement, the CUSMA (which is known in the United States as the USMCA and in Mexico as the T-MEC) will come into force 90 days after all countries ratify the deal. Only Canada has yet to ratify the agreement, as both Mexico and the United States have already completed their domestic procedures. As a result, Canadian importers and exporters should consider how they will be affected by Canada's new trade agreement.


Canada, Mexico and the United States agreed to enter into a trilateral trade agreement on October 1, 2018 after more than a year of talks and negotiations to update NAFTA, which came into effect in 1994. That version of CUSMA was included in Bill C-100 earlier in 2019, but Canada did not complete its ratification procedures to enact the agreement before Parliament was dissolved for the election. Leaders from all three countries agreed to final revisions to the deal on December 10, 2019 (see TaxNewsFlash Canada 2019-58, "Canada's Trade Deal with U.S. and Mexico Ready to be Ratified"). President Trump signed the CUSMA in a ceremony on January 29, 2020..

For more information, contact your KPMG advisor.

Information is current to February 4, 2020. The information contained in this publication is of a general nature and is not intended to address the circumstances of any particular individual or entity. Although we endeavour to provide accurate and timely information, there can be no guarantee that such information is accurate as of the date it is received or that it will continue to be accurate in the future. No one should act upon such information without appropriate professional advice after a thorough examination of the particular situation. For more information, contact KPMG's National Tax Centre at 416.777.8500

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