A regulation (No. 210/PMK.010/2018) concerning the taxation of e-commerce transactions is effective 1 April 2019. The regulation applies to all e-commerce transactions including transactions made by online retailers or through social media or made as classified advertisements or daily deals.
The regulation does not address the tax treatment of activities of foreign-based companies in Indonesia.
The regulation provides that value added tax (VAT) and “sales tax on luxury goods” will be imposed on all e-commerce transactions—regardless of whether the trader or service provider is a “taxable entrepreneur.” Under the regulation:
The regulation provides definitions of the following terms: electronic platform, electronic marketplace, and marketplace platform provider.
Marketplace platform providers that facilitate the import of goods must register with Indonesia’s customs office where they generally conduct their import activities. This registration must be approved (or rejected) within one business day.
The customs office’s approval of the registration is valid nation-wide, and once the registration is approved, the marketplace platform provider must provide the customs office with its e-catalog and e-invoices for all delivery of goods up to a free-on-board (FOB) value of U.S. $1,500 using the delivery duty-paid regime. For the delivery of goods that have a value of greater than $1,500 FOB or that do not use the delivery duty-paid scheme, the standard import regulations will apply.
Most of the tax and import duty reporting responsibilities rest on the marketplace platform provider because other e-commerce platform providers would not have any information about the transactions conducted through their platforms.
Read a February 2019 report [PDF 736 KB] prepared by the KPMG member firm in Indonesia
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